Through privatisation efforts within mobile telephony, Tanzania boasts six network operators and two fixed-line carriers. Tanzania Telecommunication Company Limited (TTCL) currently provides voice and data communication services to over 300,000 business and residential customers in Tanzania. The Tanzania Communication Regulatory Authority
) regulates Tanzania’s telecommunications industry. In February 2009, President Kikwete announced an accelerated push for the construction of a national ICT backbone for Tanzania to speed up telecommunications infrastructure.
The aim of the National ICT facility is to expand mobile telephony, reduce the consumer costs using telephony, as well as increase ICT applications across the country. According to Minister of Communication, Science and Technology Prof Makame Mbarawa,, the ICT facility will cost nearly $180 million, financed by the Chinese government. Internet services have been available since 1996, but currently there is no current fibre connectivity available to the internet backbone. So internet connectivity is made via satellite networks to the rest of the world, even to neighbouring countries.
It is expected that the EASSy fibre project will bring in internet connectivity to Tanzania at lower latency, and at lower cost.