How in your opinion does this Red Crescent Society reflect the trait of generosity that is a part of Kuwait?
Regarding Kuwait Red Crescent Society, it is a voluntary humanitarian organization that provides assistance to the needy people affected by wars and natural disasters. We do not discriminate between nationalities, political beliefs, race, color, etc.
This body was formed by 18 prominent Kuwaiti men in December 1965.
We attained legal status in January 1966 and we are the only non-governmental charity in the region as all other Red Crescent societies are government-owned. We have a Board of Directors, President, Vice President and executive committees along with different committees such as International Relations Committee, Disaster Management Committee, Youth Group and Management Training for different individuals, and training programs for CPRs.
We also have a state-of-the-art information center that receives immediate notification if any disaster occurs anywhere in the world. We are part of the ICRC (International Committee for the Red Crescent) based in Geneva. We respond to any disaster that has occurred anywhere in the world – not just in the region.
What was your role in providing assistance during Hurricane Katrina?
After Hurricane Katrina, the Kuwait Red Crescent Society donated $30 million to the American Red Cross. I personally went to Washington to hand over the cheque. While I was there, they gave me a tour of their facilities, which were amazing; they have a fantastic setup.
They distributed almost 1,000 meals a day to the needy which was very impressive. We then flew to New Orleans where they had experienced total devastation due to Hurricane Katrina. We supplied four charters as their charters were destroyed. We also gave them four or five ERVs (Emergency Relief Vehicles) which had ‘Donation of Kuwait Red Crescent Society’ written on each vehicle.
In Baton Rouge, the mayor thanked Kuwait for the generous donation and made me an honorary mayor of the town. It was then decided to celebrate that day every year as the Kuwait Day.
Despite being one of the richest welfare states in the world, Kuwait’s healthcare expenditures take up about 5% of its GDP which is below the developed countries’ market standards. When you were serving as the Minister of Health for many years, you had highlighted some of Kuwait’s main challenges in this sector. What is your assessment of the evolution of this sector in your country today?
I think Kuwait has a very good national healthcare system. It consists of primary care, secondary care and tertiary care.
For the primary care, we have clinics in every area. A Kuwaiti can reach the nearest clinic within 15 minutes. In the past, the primary care system was not developed because no one went to the primary health care centers. People used to go directly to the hospitals and crammed the emergency rooms. We eventually introduced family medicine in our undergraduate training programs, after which most of the primary care centers now have family practitioners who are trained in general practice.
The system is similar to the national healthcare system of the UK, where the GPs are mainly in the primary clinics.
These clinics are attached to a hospital, which represents the secondary care. In Kuwait, we have six main areas called governorates and each governorate has a hospital. When I became the minister, these six hospitals had been built over 20 or 30 years previously and were suffering from shortage of beds.
Patients frequently had to sleep on trolleys in the corridors at that time. So I initiated another nine hospitals to be built next to these hospitals, which were big 8-floor extensions that increased the bed capacity to 4,500.
Then we have the tertiary health care system which is at the medical city in the Sabah Health area where all tertiary healthcare facilities was available for treatment for cancer, eye care, radiotherapy, etc. In order to decrease the load on emergency service departments in hospitals, we launched some specialties in the primary care centers such as X-ray services, dentistry, pediatrics and gynecology departments, public health vaccination programs, etc. so that the public stopped cramming the emergency rooms of the hospitals.
This is the health care system in Kuwait, which has now significantly improved. The clinic services have improved because we started an institute called Kuwait Institute for Medical Specializations. This institute carried out all necessary training programs for our doctors who have graduated from the local medical schools because in the past, all the doctors used to go to UK, States, Canada, Europe, etc.
Kuwait is now planning to expand the role of private sector. What are the main reasons behind this shift to empower the private sector’s role in this field?
I think in the past, they did not realize how important the private sector is.
It is complimentary to the services provided by the Ministry of Health and not against it. When I was the minister, I presented more regulations for the private sector to flourish and we also maintain good relations with that sector. In fact, if certain services were not available in the ministry, we sent the patients to the private sector and we paid for them. So the private sector is an important part of the health system in Kuwait.
The Dasman Diabetes Institute was an initiative of the late Amir Sheikh Jaber with the aim of building a center that not only treated diabetes but also offered other services such as research and development in this aspect. The center can be considered as one of the kind in this field. As the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of this institute, what do you consider are its greatest achievements and what does it mean for Kuwait to have such a center?
When I became the Chairman of the Board of Trustees in September 2009, Dasman Diabetes Institute was not a fully functional research center.
Therefore, we started by reorganizing the whole staff; we had to hire new staff for research and development projects. Initially, there were only about 7 specialties but diabetes has various specialties because it complicates every part of the body as it affects vessels, which becomes narrow and when that vessel leads to an organ, the organ gets affected. For example, you can go blind, your kidney can fail, you can have heart attacks or gangrene in the legs or the nervous system can get affected and so on.
Unfortunately, Kuwait is third in the world with highest diabetes rate. We came down to the sixth after some islands came up. Irrespective of that, diabetes is a very big problem in Kuwait due to the lifestyle, intermarriages among families that have diabetes causing the genes to remain active in the family, the food, lack of exercise, etc. Now even the young children are suffering from diabetes.
Now, we have 37 specialties and we have a very good research program. We have formed an International Scientific Advisory Board with members from Harvard, Oxford and other such universities who advise the Dasman board on how to carry out the research. Every research project goes to them for approval. So far we have released about 50 papers in the international index journals. Before that, we did not have even one.
These research projects are mainly related to treatment of diabetes. We have a state-of-the-art diagnostic center and a gym for exercise programs. We hold awareness campaigns in schools to teach the students about diabetes as well as dental programs in the schools. The students visit the institute for receive lectures on diabetes from us.
We have international contracts with renowned international institutions like Harvard, London University, Dundee, etc. We have a program with Dundee University through which we train our primary healthcare physicians in diabetes and they receive their diplomas and masters in that regard; we are helping the Ministry of Health in this way.
Dundee University has also electronically linked the systems of primary healthcare to the hospitals as we never had such interfaces before and no records were maintained. Now everything is linked electronically; all the 100+ primary care clinics are linked to the hospitals of the respective areas.
We collaborate with Harvard and Dundee universities; we have been accredited by the European Commission which is the highest diabetic body in the world. We were awarded the Golden Accreditation by Accreditation Canada. There are mainly two good accreditation committees which are the American and the Canadian. We have also been approved as the regional center for diabetes in the Gulf region.
So we have come a long way in the last four years since 2009 and we are very proud of our achievements.
What can be done to tackle the problem from the beginning?
Well that is where research helps. The whole aim of building Dasman Diabetes Institute was to establish a state-of-the-art clinical research center.
It is important to create awareness about the signs of the disease, which is what we are doing by going to malls and setting up stalls to test people’s blood pressure and sugar levels in order to identify those who are diabetic particularly if they are not aware of this fact. So we create awareness by telling them about diabetes and the need for its treatment to avoid complications because the complications resulting from diabetes are severe.
About 16 percent of the budget of Ministry of Health is spent on treating complications resulting from diabetes. So we focus on creating awareness among the public about the need to eat healthy and change their lifestyle, and we treat people from the beginning because diabetes is one of the non-communicable diseases along with obesity, and pulmonary diseases.
We try to help people change their lifestyle by creating awareness through the media, seminars, lectures in schools, etc. I think education is the most important step to be taken in this regard.
We make sure the community knows the magnitude of the disease through media, education and training of doctors on diabetes as most of the primary care doctors are not trained on diabetes. This is the only way and there is no other way to do it.
Of course, the government must also take an initiative in this aspect and consider it as a significant health problem in not only Kuwait but also the entire region.
Regarding Bayt Abdullah Children’s Hospice, it was co-founded by you and your wife. What made you initiate such a project? Since you earlier told us that the hospice was privately funded by donations, what were the main challenges and complications that you faced in starting such a special institution here in Kuwait?
Let me start by explaining why the hospice is called Bayt Abdullah. Most of the hospices are usually named after an individual. In this case, the hospice is called Bayt Abdullah, which means House of Abdullah in Arabic.
When my son Tariq suffered from bronchial asthma at the age of about ten, he was admitted at the Amiri Hospital. When his mother Margaret brought him his favorite toys, the children in the nearby wards and rooms came to play with him. She then realized that there was no play area in the hospital and asked the head of the department if she could volunteer as a group and obtain a room to fill with toys so that the children can play because playing is a very important activity through which the children communicate.
Eventually, Margaret along with few of her friends volunteered and fixed a schedule based on which one of them took turns to come in daily and play with the children. This made a big difference. Since the walls were bleak and gray, they collected donations from companies and painted the walls with colors. They made the nurses wear good colored uniforms. Murals of Disney characters were painted on the walls, making the ward look like a children’s ward.
They wanted this concept to be implemented in all the hospitals so we approached the Minister of Health at that time. He said, “You have my blessings but do not ask for money” to which we said we did not need money as we obtained the necessary funds from donations of generous people; however we needed help in bringing in experts to teach us this profession, which is called Child Life Specialist. It is a form of directed play to help children to understand what is happening to them in the hospitals. The minister agreed to arrange for the experts.
Margaret went with some of her friends to Washington to a conference about Child Life Specialists. When they returned, we started a one-year course on Child Life in the University of Kuwait.
Among the experts that the ministry arranged for us was a child psychologist from Britain known as Jim Kuykendall. He gave a series of lectures one of which was ‘Children’s perceptions of Death and Dying’. We thought it was quite informative and beneficial for the public so we placed an advert in the papers. The hall was filled to its capacity, which was unbelievable.
After the lecture, a woman approached my wife and me. She said, “Can you help me? I have a four-year old child who had been in London for two years receiving treatment for a terminal medical disease called Neuroblastoma, which is very painful. The treatment in London had failed and they advised us to take him back home as he was going to die. But I promised him that I will take him to a hospital again. How can you help me treat this child at home?”
I established a dream team which included me as the Chairman of Surgery, the Chairman of Pediatrics and a young Syrian doctor who had just come back from MD Anderson Cancer Center. We also had a Child Life Specialist, some nurses, nutritionist and physiotherapist in the team. We then started treating this child at home. It was amazing, as we were just a small ordinary association and we did all this for the four-year old child for about six to seven months. Some medications were not available in Kuwait for this child so I used to bring them in the diplomatic bag.
We had a symptom support nurse who came for two weeks from Great Ormond Street Hospital to support the mother and explain to her about what is going to happen, the next stage of life and how the child’s health will deteriorate. After she went back, she was available 24/7 on the phone in case the mother needed her. In this way, the mother and the family received complete support.
When a child feels pain, we give painkillers and after the child feels relief from the pain, he is able to socialize and play. This is what happened to this child who became very close to my family and my children used to go to his house to play with him.
One day, he felt much weaker than usual and when he came to our house he asked for my eldest son Khalid to take him home and read him a bedtime story. That same night, the child died in his mother’s arms. This boy was called Abdullah and after our experience with Abdullah, we were inspired to ensure other children in Kuwait should receive expert pain control and symptom management at the end of their lives. This is the reason why we called the hospice Bayt Abdullah in honor of him.
When the Iraqi invasion happened, we had to stop for a while. We reinstated Kuwait Association for the Care of Children in Hospital (KACCH) four years later in 1994. At that time, Margaret said we also have to work on building a children’s hospice in Kuwait. There was a professor in the architectural school whom we knew and he had heard about our plan. He referred one of his architectural students who wanted to do a project.
She sat down with Margaret who explained to her about all the services that we needed to provide. That student designed this beautiful building. Bayt Abdullah was officially opened in January 2012 I The services are completely free for any child resident in Kuwait irrespective of the race or religion.
Later that year Bayt Abdullah won a world award for interior design. The interior design of the hospice was by the Ohio-based company called NBBJ Architectural and Specialist Interior Designers.