Tuesday, May 28, 2024
Update At 14:00    USD/EUR 0,92  ↓-0.0016        USD/JPY 156,69  ↓-0.172        USD/KRW 1.357,07  ↓-2.7        EUR/JPY 170,41  ↑+0.105        Crude Oil 83,28  ↑+1.16        Asia Dow 4.014,53  ↑+28.24        TSE 1.776,50  ↑+3        Japan: Nikkei 225 38.859,89  ↓-40.13        S. Korea: KOSPI 2.726,37  ↑+3.38        China: Shanghai Composite 3.124,23  ↑+0.1858        Hong Kong: Hang Seng 18.934,74  ↑+107.39        Singapore: Straits Times 3,41  ↑+0.016        DJIA 22,07  ↑+0.02        Nasdaq Composite 16.920,80  ↑+184.795        S&P 500 5.304,72  ↑+36.88        Russell 2000 2.069,67  ↑+21.258        Stoxx Euro 50 5.059,20  ↑+23.79        Stoxx Europe 600 522,21  ↑+1.64        Germany: DAX 18.774,71  ↑+81.34        UK: FTSE 100 8.317,59  ↓-21.64        Spain: IBEX 35 11.325,50  ↑+79.5        France: CAC 40 8.132,49  ↑+37.52        

The power to transform

Article - March 28, 2012
With a 1bn GHS budget, The Volta River Authority is largely focused on domestic development, but also plans - through the development of solar, hydro and electric power - to enable other states in the region to prosper

At the heart of the West African Power Pool (WAPP), an association of electricity companies in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) sits a vibrant, far-seeing Ghanaian institution: The Volta River Authority (VRA). Established in 1961 under the Volta River Development Act, the body was mandated to operate mainly as a power generation, transmission and distribution utility. However, in 2005, following a major amendment to the VRA Act, its mandate was altered to enable the organisation to create the requisite environment for attracting independent power producers (IPP’s). That, as well as the establishment of WAPP, opened the door, not just to new producers, but to a new way of thinking: The VRA was afforded a vital opportunity to look beyond its own borders, and to assess energy needs on a long term, sustainable, geographically-wide basis.

In 2010, following years of research and planning, VRA’s board approved the first renewables energy policy. “That allowed us to start looking at developing renewable sources, on a wide scale,” explains  Kweku Awotwi, CEO of the VRA. Harvard-educated Mr Awotwi has worked in Fortune 50 companies and was employed by the first African company to list on the New York Stock Exchange. His business background dictates that he understands the requirement to seek out international expertise: “We know that Europe has taken the lead in all renewables, so it is a natural place to go to look for leadership, knowledge and technology – we’ve certainly found that to be the case; we recently awarded a large contract to a German company who will be our partners for the next two years.”

But the VRA’s history has been full of partnerships. “Much of our original success was built on a partnership we had with Ontario Hydro for 30 years. They brought in the first CEO and promoted a very successful training program where our people were sent out to learn about hydro. The second company we partnered with was from Michigan - it goes on from there… in the power business it is hard not to have partnerships because of the scale of expertise you need’’.

“It is all about sustainability. We only have so many places we can build dams. This means our thermal sources are the best case for renewables.”

Kweku Awotwi, CEO of VRA
He believes Ghana’s strategical position, and its unrivalled abiltiy to provide afforable power to land-locked countries, provides the VRA with a rare investment opportunity:  “We are sitting on the coast and we have access to low-cost gas. The idea has always been to get low-cost power into areas where electricity is very expensive and makes economic growth difficult. It is a great opportunity for us to seize.” There is, he opines, an urgent need for “an aggressive renewables policy” and, in that respect, Ghana and the VRA are “taking the lead.” The VRA recently put out a tender for 100 MW of wind and is currently waiting for “final partner selection.” They also put out a tender for the first 2 MW based on a solar farm in the north, and has already acquired the land for this initiative. The VRA has also registered all of its projects to be eligible for carbon credits; Ghana will be the first country in West Africa to so do. “It is all about sustainability. We only have so many places we can build dams. This means our thermal sources are the best case for renewables. At the beginning renewables are expensive, yes, but over the long-run they are as competitive as traditional sources.” Moreover, the cost of renewables is coming down, he says.

Because of the VRA’s 50 year-long experience  it became the fulcrum of WAPP when the latter was established:  “We helped to set up all the organizing structures, institutions, and corporate governance, and we have been heavily involved in WAPP’s ongoing

Being at the epicentre of WAPP’s programming permits the VRA an unique understanding of wider West African energy requirements. The VRA is fully cogniscent of its power and economic clout: “Our budget is GHS 1 billion - so we have a huge span of control.” 

However, from its outset, the VRA has had “compelling” CSR initiatives: “Part of the mandate we have today is taking care of the communities on the lakeside. We set up a community development initiative. We work closely with the Ghana Health Services, NGOs and USAID. We are doing a lot more to rehabilitate the lake for tourism, fishing and transport. We brought in more educational support for our communities. We set up a public-private partnership model and identified a private concessionaire to come in with their dredger. We are sharing profits from this exercise with local communities…”

He cites a highly-educated workforce as part of the attraction for potential partners: “Our First President made creating an educated elite a very specific part of his agenda. From very early on, Ghanaians had free education and were encouraged to go to university.” The role of boarding schools in this equation cannot be underestimated: “A rich socio-economic mix of people was created in the boarding school system which assisted in braking down social barriers. Even though Ghana is 20 to 30% Muslim, ethnic divisions simply not exist here like they might in Nigeria.”

He is very clear about his goals and priorities: “I am looking for partnerships; I can make a huge difference. In the area of renewables West Africa provides unrivalled opportunities. WAPP has the ability to break down barriers, and in the area of gas development you need an able customer like VRA to make that happen. We are right in the middle of both the natural gas dialogue, and the dialogue around electricity access in the region. We hear both sides of that discussion. And we can help to drive that discussion forward with insight and enthusiasm.”