Tuesday, May 23, 2017
TIMOR-LESTE NEWS

New administration pushes for economic diversification

Domingos Sarmento Alves
Ambassador of Timor-Leste to the US

Domingos Sarmento Alves, Ambassador of Timor-Leste to the United States of America, describes... Aug 18, 2015



LOCATION:

Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - Timor-Leste includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco



AREA:

total: 14,874 sq km



CLIMATE:

tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons



NATURAL RESOURCES:

gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble



LANGUAGES:

Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English



POPULATION:

1,201,542



GOVERNMENT TYPE:

republic



CAPITAL:

name: Dili



INDEPENDENCE:

28 November 1975 (independence proclaimed from Portugal); note - 20 May 2002 is the official date of international recognition of Timor-Leste's independence



LEGAL SYSTEM:

civil law system based on the Portuguese model; note - penal and civil law codes to replace the Indonesian codes were passed by Parliament and promulgated in 2009 and 2011, respectively



GDP (purchasing power parity):

$25.41 billion (2013 est.)



GDP - real growth rate:

8.1% (2013 est.)



GDP - per capita (PPP):

$21,400 (2013 est.)



GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 2.6%

industry: 81.6%

services: 15.8% (2013 est.)



AGRICULTURE - products:

coffee, rice, corn, cassava (manioc, tapioca), sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla



INDUSTRIES:

printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth



LABOR FORCE:

418,200 (2009)



LABOR FORCE - by occupation:

agriculture: 64%

industry: 10%

services: 26% (2010)



EXPORTS:

$34.1 million (2011 est.)



EXPORTS - commodities:

oil, coffee, sandalwood, marble



IMPORTS:

$689 million (2011 est.)



IMPORTS - commodities:

food, gasoline, kerosene, machinery






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